The Canadian Maple Industry

With Canadian exports valued at $310 million in 2014, Canada is renowned as the world’s largest exporter of maple syrup and maple products with almost 82% production representation. In the last 20 years, Canadian maple syrup production in 2014 was recorded as the second best production. Accounted alone, the province of Quebec produced the country’s 90.5% maple syrup production according to Statistics Canada (CANSIM Tableau 001-0008).

Leading Globally

Long before the arrival of the European settlers, the First Nations people in eastern Canada have discovered maple syrup as a sweetener and medicine. With 2% to 3% sugar concentrations, only sugar and black maple trees from the five species of Canadian maple trees are ideal for syrup production. The other maple trees are red maple, silver maple, and Manitoba maple.  In maximizing the amount of extracted maple sap, its temperature needs to be freezing overnight while mild during daytime.

Maple Syrup Production

In 2014, over 9 million gallons of maple syrup was produced by Canada with the maple products valued at $379.9 million.

Quebec ranked as the largest maple syrup producer with 8, 584 thousands of gallons (90.52% share) followed by New Brunswick with 502 (5.29% share), Ontario with 368 (3.88% share) and Nova Scotia with 29 (0.31%).

According to Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0009) in 2011, the number of maple farms in Canada was mostly from Quebec with 7,639 recorded farms. These maple farms did 40,632,512 maple taps in 2011.

The other Canadian maple farm provinces are found in Ontario (2,673), New Brunswick (191), Nova Scotia (152), British Columbia (82), Manitoba (67), Saskatchewan (240, Prince Edward Island (11), Alberta (7), and Newfoundland and Labrador (1). The maple products like taffy, sugar, and maple butter were also included and converted to syrup equivalent.

From a gross value of 379,922 (thousands of Canadian dollars), the 2014 gross value of maple products including maple butter, maple sugar, and maple syrup in Quebec was 321,700 (84.68% share). Next to it was New Brunswick with 30,580 (8.05%), Ontario with 25,863 (6.81%), and Nova Scotia with 1,779 (0.47%).

Maple Syrup and Maple Products Trade

Accounted for its 95.28% Canadian maple product exports in 2014, Quebec led the ranks followed by New Brunswick for 3.88%. This left 0.84% of the total exports to the remaining maple-producing Canadian provinces namely Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia.

Based from Statistics Canada (CATSNet) of June 2015, 63.16% (24,518,587 kilograms) of Canadian exports went to the United States, 9.56% to Japan, and 8.36% to Germany. The other export destinations totaled to 18.92% were accounted to United Kingdom (3.96%), Australia (3.24%), France (3.22%), and others (8.50%).

Top 10 Importers

According to the Global Trade Atlas of June 2015, the United States still was the top importer of maple sugar and maple syrup in 2014 with 194,363 (thousands of Canadian dollars). Next to it was Japan with 34,568, Germany with 22,881, United Kingdom with 17,928, Australia with 13,372, and Canada with 12,494.

100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States. The seventh place went to France with 12,237, then Netherlands with 6,995, Denmark with 5,694, and Italy with 5,089. The rest of the other countries amounted to 39,623. The total imports reached to 365,239 (thousands of Canadian dollars).

Availability for Consumption

According to CANSIM Table 002-0011 (Statistics Canada), the 2014 consumption of maple products per person (in kilograms) was 0.28 for maple sugar and 0.24 for maple sugar, and sugar content. This did not adjust for losses such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, private institutions, households, or restaurants, or losses during preparation.

It is indeed an assuring fact that we will still get to enjoy that authentic Canadian maple syrup whenever we want.

 

 

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